A special branch of dentistry which deals with problems related to the alignment of the teeth and jaws. This includes malocclusion (bad bite), misaligned jaws, e.g. temporomandibular jaw disorder (TMJ) and bruxism (teeth grinding).
Most treatments are designed as a form of correction, especially in the case of crooked or protruding teeth. But cases of malocclusion are often categorised as cosmetic dentistry in that they often form part of a ‘smile makeover’ package.
There are people who undergo this treatment to improve the appearance of their teeth on purely elective grounds.
There are several benefits to having well aligned teeth which include a reduced risk of tooth decay and other conditions caused by out of place teeth.
The most popular form of orthodontic treatment is a dental brace.